The medieval fortress town located on the northern slope and near the foot of high Fortress mountain projecting into the sea, which from the south (from the sea), and the east is surrounded by steep inaccessible and difficult to access slopes from the west. The Fortress Mountain itself is a natural dominant throughout of all Sudak valley, and the location of a fortified point here allowed to control not only the valley, but the sea and dry-valley routes that led to it. On the coast of Sudak bay, between the Fortress Mountain and the Mount Polvani-Oba a port part of the city was located, the line of defense which was combined with the upland fortress.
The originality of the Sudak fortress and its role in the surrounding landscape are defined with organic indivisible bond of the fortress with a small clearly delineated mountain that with its southern steep rocky slope projects into the sea, towering high above it, and with the opposite northern gentle slope adjacents to the spacious picturesque Sudak valley.
The fortress, which has protected rich medieval city, has been built with maximum usage of defensive qualities of the mountain that stretches along the coast to 800 m and 500 m wide. From the north fortifications built along the foot of the mountain and then covering it from east and west, raise along the edge of steep toward the top. The fortress and the mountain are an entire cultural landscape, highly expressive architectural and natural formation that is closely associated with a large expanse of the valley and located town inside. The Fortress Mountain and its crowning fortress dominate over Sudak bay and valley are a key element of many landscapes.
The Sudak fortress’ complex is a powerful natural urban dominant with a large range. It provides a unique beauty and historical character throughout visually connected to it area. Landscape qualities of the upland fortress have the same high value as architectural and urban ones, which are confirmed with many works of famous artists, writers and poets.
High landscape qualities of the Fortress Mountain, its dominant role in the environment due not only to its size and shape, but also to features of its location in the Sudak valley. The Fortress Mountain is located on the edge of the valley to the sea. It is located in a peculiar natural and spatial node of the Valley, namely on the edge of the land and sea, and the borders of surrounding the valley eminences, and its low areas. Remoted for more than a kilometer from forming valley’s amphitheater slopes and, towering over its plain lower part, it visually captures this natural node, actively distinguishes it in the space of the valley. Architectural and natural complex of the Sudak fortress can be seen well from the much part of Sudak valley and slopes of limiting it mountains. Especially active is its specific opening in the southern, the widest, and close to it part of the valley. At a kilometer zone are the most valuable observation points, located on the mountains Saharna golova (Sugar head) and Polvani-Oba and near the turning of a road that leads to the Novy Svet. It also has the most valuable overview fronts. Survey axis of the waterfront, which with a smooth arc rans nearly a mile along the open spaces of the sea, is one of the best views of the Fortress Mountain, its specific opening from the east.
The more important part of the fortess’ viewing zone is its territory, where it is viewed from the inside, and where it is made its closest connection with the environment. From here – from an open flat area of the former city – the unity of architectural and natural fortress’ complex with surrounding landscape can be seen especially eloquently. The fortress is fully turned to it and, being in a natural node and spatial focus of the Sudak valley, is the best place of its viewing.
High landscape qualities have a sea view of Sudak. From the sea it is especially terrific view on topped battlements and towers almost sheer cliffs of the Fortess Mountain, majestic historical and natural dominant of the city.