Repairs and restoration
Repairs and restoration
|The issue of restoration of St. Andrew’s Church was included in the comprehensive program of preservation of the National Conservation Area “St. Sophia of Kyiv” for 2003-2010. It was approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 26.04.2003 № 624 and the Decree of the President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko dated 31.12. 2005 № 1881/2005 “On urgent measures for the revival of Sophia of Kyiv, which is a national spiritual center”. The project of restoration of St. Andrew’s Church was prepared in 2008-2010 in accordance with the General Agreement № 72/06 (24.09.2008) for the development of project documentation “Emergency and repair and restoration works on St. Andrew’s Church”, which was signed between the National Conservation Area “St. Sophia of Kyiv” (general customer) and the Ukrainian-French joint venture Osnova-Solsif (general designer).
The first in the history of St. Andrew’s Church complex repair and restoration works were divided into three stages.
At the first stage, the fortification of St. Andrew’s Hill, on which the temple stands, was carried out. The complex of measures to strengthen the hill and the foundations of St. Andrew’s Church, among other things, included the installation of steel-reinforced bored piles at the foot of the hill, strengthening the slopes with steel rods, construction of a concrete support room to increase the stability of the church podium, strengthening the soil base under the foundations of the church and stylobate with jet columns, installation of a fundamentally new drainage system, measures to improve the hill. The above works were implemented during 2009-2017.
The restoration of the exterior of St. Andrew’s Church was part of the second stage of the complex restoration work on the monument. On August 17, 2015, a General Agreement was concluded between the National Conservation Area “St. Sophia of Kyiv” and EXTERIOR-BUDSERVICE LLC, which provided for the completion of works on strengthening and landscaping of Andriivskyi Hill, restoration of the facades, porch and stairs of Andriivskyi Hill. On November 16, 2015, St. Andrew’s Church was closed to visitors, and scaffolding was installed on the facades of the church. Among other things, the restoration of the exterior of St. Andrew’s Church included a number of brick, plaster and painting works on the facades. In particular, the elements of the stucco decoration were restored on the side domes of the temple, and the gilding on the cast iron elements was cleaned. In parallel with the work on the facades, the first thorough restoration of the cast-iron stairs leading to the porch of St. Andrew’s Church was carried out. Each step was dismantled, restored and returned to its historic site after the repair and strengthening of the stairs. After the restoration of the porch fence and stairs, removal of scaffolding from the facades and installation of a modern system of external lighting of the church, the observation deck of St. Andrew’s Church was inaugurated (until the Independence Day of Ukraine – August 24, 2017).
In October 2016, the third stage of repair and restoration work began in St. Andrew’s Church, which provided for the restoration of its interiors. The main idea of the restoration work in the middle of the church was to return the church to the form in which its interior was designed by architect F.-B. Rastrelli in the mid-18th century. The walls of the temple were restored to their historical color, the historic chandeliers were reconstructed, and there was a return to the original system of organization of the entrance group of the temple. For the first time in the history of St. Andrew’s Church, the throne was restored, which symbolizes the place of installation of the cross by the Apostle Andrew the First Called on St. Andrew’s Hill in the first century A.D. During the restoration works of 2016-2020, absolutely all the elements of modeling (plaster), wood carving and painting of the mid-18th – mid 19th century were restored in the interiors of the church, in particular – 39 icons in the iconostasis (the only fully preserved iconostasis in the world by F.-B. Rastrelli).